Lydia McGuire1

F, #7862

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Married Name: Her married name was MacDonnell.1
  • Last Edited: 5 Jun 2012

Citations

  1. [S749] Allan J. Gillis, Descendants of Donald J. (James) Gillis #3775, page 1.

unknown (?)1

F, #7863

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Married Name: Her married name was MacDonnell.1
  • Last Edited: 5 Jun 2012

Citations

  1. [S749] Allan J. Gillis, Descendants of Donald J. (James) Gillis #3775, page 2.

Elizabeth Smith1

F, #7864, b. circa 1850

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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Family: Hughie Smith b. c 1850

  • Last Edited: 3 May 2016

Citations

  1. [S427] CBGHA, online www.cbgha.org, July 2012 EZINE, St. Margaret's RC Church.
  2. [S777] Antigonish County Website, online http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsantigo/
  3. [S427] CBGHA, online www.cbgha.org, July 2012 EZINE, St. Margaret's RC Church
    http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nsantigo/stmargmarr.html
  4. [S427] CBGHA, online www.cbgha.org, 2012-07, St. Margaret's RC Church
    http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nsantigo/stmargmarr.html

Hughie Smith1

M, #7865, b. circa 1850

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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Family: Elizabeth Smith b. c 1850

  • Last Edited: 31 Oct 2012

Citations

  1. [S427] CBGHA, online www.cbgha.org, July 2012 EZINE, St. Margaret's RC Church
    http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nsantigo/stmargmarr.html
  2. [S777] Antigonish County Website, online http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsantigo/
  3. [S427] CBGHA, online www.cbgha.org, 2012-07, St. Margaret's RC Church
    http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nsantigo/stmargmarr.html

Sir Duncan Campbell 1st Lord Campbell1

M, #7866, b. circa 1375

A 16th or 17th century illustration from The Black Book of Taymouth shows Duncan flanked by two of his descendants. On Duncan's right stands his grandson Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, here wrongly called Archibald, and on his left is his son Colin of Glenorchy.

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Birth*: Sir Duncan Campbell 1st Lord Campbell was born circa 1375 in Scotland.1
  • Marriage*: He married Majorie Stewart, daughter of Robert Stewart 1st Duke of Albany and Margaret Graham Countess of Menteith, circa 1400 in Scotland.1
  • Biography*: Sir Duncan Campbell, 1st Lord Campbell was the son of Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow and Mariot Campbell. He married, firstly, Lady Marjorie Stewart, daughter of Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany and Margaret Graham, Countess of Menteith. He married, secondly, Margaret Stewart, daughter of Sir John Stewart, before 12 March 1439/40. He died in 1453. He was buried at Kilmun, Cowal.

    In 1424 he was in the list of hostages for the redemption of King James I from captivity. He held the office of a Justiciar of Argyllshire. He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) [Scotland]. He was invested as a Knight before March 1440. On 4 August 1442 he founded the Collegiate Church of Kilmun, in Cowal. He was created 1st Lord Campbell [Scotland] in 1445. He lived at Lochow, Argyllshire, Scotland.

    Duncan Campbell, 1st Lord Campbell (Classical Gaelic Donnchadh mac Cailein, and also called Donnchadh na-Adh (English: Duncan the fortunate) of Loch Awe, (died 1453), was an important figure in Scottish affairs in the first half of the fifteenth century and Justiciar of Argyll. He was head of the Clan Campbell for 40 years.

    Family
    Duncan's date of birth is in 1390 in Lochow Argyll.[1] He was the son of Colin Campbell of Lochawe (called Colin Iongantach 'Wonderful', and 'Colin The Good Knight'), and Mariota, daughter of John Campbell, heiress to the lands of Ardscotnish and Glen Orchy. Colin obtained a dispensation by 13 January 1366 permitting the marriage of Mariota to his son John. He evidently changed his plans and married Mariota himself as in 1372 he obtained a second dispensation, this allowing Colin and Mariota to remarry, after a separation, having already married although within the prohibited degree of kinship.

    Duncan may not have been their eldest son: a brother named John Annam, John the Weak, is said to have been passed over. Duncan was seemingly the chosen heir by 6 February 1393 when he was granted the lands of Menstrie by his father. On Colin's death, some time before 19 January 1414, Duncan became head of the Campbells of Loch Awe.

    Family ties
    Duncan was twice married, first to Marjorie (d. before August 1432), daughter of Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, secondly to Margaret Stewart of Ardgowan (d. after August 1442).

    Duncan's closeness to the Albany Stewarts led to King James I of Scotland viewing him with some suspicion, and James sent Duncan south as a hostage in England. The documentary record calls him Campbell of Argyll, and gives his share of the liability for the king's ransom as 1500 merks, more than any other hostage save one. In time Duncan and the king were somewhat reconciled and following James's assassination Duncan was among the supporters of Queen Dowager Joan.

    "The fortunate"
    During the minority of King James II, Duncan professed support and loyalty to the regency, while constantly expanding his power in Argyll, often at the expense of the Crown. He was nevertheless knighted before March 1440 and created a Lord of Parliament as Lord Campbell of Lochawe by James II in 1445.

    Death
    He died between February 1453 and 21 May 1454, and was buried in a magnificent sculptured tomb in the collegiate church at Kilmun which he and Margaret Stewart had founded in 1442.

    His second son by his wife Margaret, Colin, was the founder of the Campbell of Glenorchy and Breadalbane line (Earl of Breadalbane and Holland). His other sons by his second marriage, Archibald, Duncan, and Neil, created the Campbell septs of Otter, Kilmichael and Ormidale, respectively.

    His grandson Colin, son of his only child by his first wife, Gillespic (Archibald) (d. 1440), succeeded him as Chief of the Clan Campbell and continued Duncan's efforts to increase their power.2,3

Family: Majorie Stewart b. c 1375, d. b Aug 1432

  • Last Edited: 27 Nov 2016

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10802.htm#i108014
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10802.htm#i108013
  3. [S746] Wikipedia, online http://Wikipedia.com, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duncan_Campbell,_1st_Lord_Campbell.
  4. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p1944.htm#i19436

Majorie Stewart1

F, #7867, b. circa 1375, d. before August 1432

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Last Edited: 29 Dec 2015

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10802.htm#i108014
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10802.htm#i108012
  3. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p1944.htm#i19436

Sir Colin Campbell of Lochawe1

M, #7868, b. circa 1350

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Birth*: Sir Colin Campbell of Lochawe was born circa 1350 in Scotland.1
  • Marriage*: He married Marjorie Campbell, daughter of John Campbell 1st & last Earl of Atholl and Joan de Menteith, circa 1375 in Scotland.1
  • Biography*: Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow was the son of Sir Archibald Campbell of Lochow and Mary Lamont. He married, firstly, Margaret Drummond, daughter of Sir John Drummond, 11th of Lennox and Mary Montifex, before 1387.

    He married, secondly, Mariot Campbell, daughter of John Campbell, before 1 April 1387.3 He died between 1412 and 1414.

    He gained the title of Lord of Lochow dal barony. He held the office of Lieutenant and Commissary of Argyll in 1382. He lived at Lochow, Argyllshire, Scotland.2

Family: Marjorie Campbell b. c 1350, d. b Aug 1432

  • Last Edited: 3 May 2016

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10802.htm#i108013
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2205.htm#i22049

Marjorie Campbell1

F, #7869, b. circa 1350, d. before August 1432

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

Please be patient until the page fully loads.

  • Last Edited: 1 Feb 2015

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10802.htm#i108013
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2206.htm#i22052
  3. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10802.htm#i108012
  4. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2206.htm#i220513

Sir Colin "longanlach" Campbell of Lochawe, 3rd Baron1

M, #7870, b. 1336, d. before 1394

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Birth*: Sir Colin "longanlach" Campbell of Lochawe, 3rd Baron was born in 1336 in Argyllshire, Scotland.4,5
  • Marriage: He married Margaret (Mariota) Campbell, daughter of John Campbell, circa 1350 in Scotland.3
  • Death*: Sir Colin "longanlach" Campbell of Lochawe, 3rd Baron died before 1394 in Scotland.2
  • Biography*: He was also known as Gillespic. He gained the title of Lord of Lochawe [feudal barony]. On 2 May 1343 he was granted many forfeited lands by King David II. He lived in 1360 at Lockawe, Scotland. On 26 March 1371 he did homage to King Robert II.2

Family 1:

Family 2: Mary Lamont b. c 1325

Family 3: Margaret (Mariota) Campbell b. b 1340, d. 1399

  • Last Edited: 3 May 2016

Citations

  1. [S646] The House of Lennox, The House of Lennox by Chevalier Terrance Gach MacFarlane, a work in progress, April 26, 2008 Donald James MacFarlane.
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2205.htm#i22048
  3. [S829] Clanmacfarlanegenealogy Website, online Clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info, http://www.clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info/genealogy/…
  4. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2205.htm#i22049
  5. [S829] Clanmacfarlanegenealogy Website, online Clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info.
  6. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10796.htm#i107953

Mary Lamont1

F, #7871, b. circa 1325

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Birth*: Mary Lamont was born circa 1325 in Scotland.1
  • Marriage*: She married an unknown person circa 1350 in Scotland.1
  • Married Name: As of circa 1350,her married name was Campbell.1
  • Last Edited: 30 Jul 2014

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2205.htm#i22049
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2208.htm#i22078

Sir Colin Campbell 11th of Lochawe, 1st Baron1,2

M, #7872, b. 1282, d. 1340

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Name-Gaelic: Sir Colin Campbell 11th of Lochawe, 1st Baron was also known in Gaelic as Callen Oig Campbell.4
  • Birth*: He was born in 1282 in Lochow, Argyllshire, Scotland.1,4
  • Marriage*: He married Helena de Lennox, daughter of Sir John "Mor" de Levenax, circa 1325 in Scotland.2
  • Death*: Sir Colin Campbell 11th of Lochawe, 1st Baron died in 1340 in Local Argyle, Scotland.3,5
  • Biography*: He gained the title of Lord of Lochow [feudal barony] on 10 February 1315, and was granted the lands of Lochow along with Ardsheodnish. He held the office of Hereditary Keeper of Dunoon Castle circa 1334

    Sir Colin Og Campbell of Lochawe (died 1340 at Locale Argyle), also known as Cailean Óg Caimbeul, Sir Colyn Cambel, Colin the Young, and Coline Oig Campbell, was an early member of Clan Campbell and patrilineal ancestor of the Earls of Argyll. He was lord of Lochawe and Ardscotnish from 1316 until his death sometime before 1343.

    Life
    Colin was the oldest son of Sir Neil Campbell and his first wife, likely Alyse Crawford. His stepmother was Mary Bruce, sister of king Robert the Bruce. It has been theorized that Cailean of Carrick was Colin's great-great grandfather, which would also make Robert the Bruce his second cousin once removed. Tradition has it that William Wallace's mother was Margaret Crawford, which if accurate, would make Wallace and Colin first cousins once removed.

    In 1316, shortly after his father's death, Colin was granted the entirety of Lochawe and Ardscotnish (lands along the shore of Loch Awe) as a free barony by Robert the Bruce. In exchange for this, Colin agreed to provide troops for Robert's army and a single 40-oared ship when requested. He served in Robert's army during the Irish campaign of 1315-1318. The Brus relates a tale from this campaign in which Colin disobeyed Robert's orders and charged a pair of English archers. While Colin killed the first archer, the second killed Colin's horse. Robert himself intervened, riding to Colin and hitting him with a truncheon as punishment. During the reign of Edward Balliol, Colin sided with David II. Amidst the struggle, Dunoon Castle was captured by a force led by members of the Campbell clan, possibly Colin, and has remained held by the family ever since (though mostly in ruins today).

    Marriage and issue
    Colin married a woman named Helena. Ane Accompt of the Genealogie of the Campbells identifies her as the daughter of John More and associates her with the Earldom of Lennox. A History of Clan Campbell identifies her as daughter of John de Menteith, who briefly held the Earldom of Lennox title. Colin and Helena had the following children:
    Archibald (died before 1394)
    Dougal (died before 1342)
    John
    Alicia, married Alan Lauder of Haltoun
    Colin also had an illegitimate son Neil with a woman from the McIldowie family through whom the Campbells of Kenmore and Melfort descend. Through Archibald descend the Earls of Argyll.3,5
  • Last Edited: 27 Nov 2016

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2205.htm#i22048
  2. [S829] Clanmacfarlanegenealogy Website, online Clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info, http://www.clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info/genealogy/…
  3. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2205.htm#i22047
  4. [S829] Clanmacfarlanegenealogy Website, online Clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info.
  5. [S746] Wikipedia, online http://Wikipedia.com, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/…

Helena de Lennox1,2

F, #7873, b. 1288

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

Please be patient until the page fully loads.

  • Last Edited: 14 Dec 2014

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2205.htm#i22048
  2. [S829] Clanmacfarlanegenealogy Website, online Clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info, http://www.clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info/genealogy/…
  3. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2205.htm#i22076
  4. [S829] Clanmacfarlanegenealogy Website, online Clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info.

Sir John "Mor" de Levenax1,2

M, #7874, b. circa 1255

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

Please be patient until the page fully loads.

Family:

  • Last Edited: 26 Nov 2014

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2205.htm#i22076
  2. [S829] Clanmacfarlanegenealogy Website, online Clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info, http://www.clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info/genealogy/…

(?) (?) an Earl of Lenox1

M, #7875, b. circa 1250

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Birth*: (?) (?) an Earl of Lenox was born circa 1250 in Scotland.1

Family:

  • Last Edited: 23 Sep 2017

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2205.htm#i22076

Sir Neil Campbell of Lochawe1

M, #7876, b. 1259, d. circa 1314

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Name-Gaelic: Sir Neil Campbell of Lochawe was also known in Gaelic as MaCailen Mor Campbell.4
  • Birth*: He was born in 1259 in Lochow, Argyllshire, Scotland.1,4
  • Marriage*: He married Margaret Crawford, daughter of Andrew Crawford, circa 1282 in Scotland.1
  • Marriage: Sir Neil Campbell of Lochawe married Lady Mary Bruce, daughter of Robert de Brus Le vieil, First Lord of Brus and Margaret (?) Countess of Carrick, circa 1312.5
  • Death*: Sir Neil Campbell of Lochawe died circa 1314 in Scotland.2
  • Biography*: He was also known as Nigel Campbell. He was invested as a Knight circa 1285. In 1296 he joined Robert the Bruce in the struggle against the English. Robert the Bruce granted him, his (third) wife and their son John, all of the lands of David de Strathbogie, 11th Earl of Atholl. He lived at Lochow, Argyllshire, Scotland. On 26 April 1315 he was one of the great Barons of Parliament which met to fix the succession to the Crown.

    Niall mac Cailein (died 1316), also known as Sir Neil Campbell, was a nobleman and warrior who spent his life in the service of King Robert I of Scotland, His Gaelic name means "Niall, Colin's son" since he was the son of Cailean Mór. His services to the King elevated the Campbells into the higher ranks of the Scottish nobility.

    Master Niall
    By later Campbell tradition, Niall was the elder son of Cailean Mór; however, contemporary evidence seems to suggest that his brother Domhnall enjoyed this distinction. Niall's earliest appearance in the sources occurs in 1282 on a witness list to a royal charter in favour of Cambuskenneth Abbey. Niall disappears for 20 years, unless the "Master Niall" active in the service of the then Earl of Carrick, Robert, in the 1290s can be identified with Niall mac Cailein. This seems likely, because one official source styles him Mestre Neel Cambell. Another of the sources for "Master Niall" tells us that he came from the "county of Ayr"; this would tie in with the known background of the Campbells of the era, and with Niall's later affiliation with King Robert. In 1293, Niall was sent to Norway to deliver personal items to Robert's sister, Isabella Bruce, Queen of Norway. In 1296, this Master Niall swore fealty to King Edward I of England.

    Wars of Independence
    The Niall mac Cailein who appears again in the source in 1302 was still in the service of the English crown. Until 1306, he remained on the side of the officially Bruce-backed English regime. Niall served in the warband of Richard Og de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster and in the "English" army which besieged Stirling Castle in 1305. Niall and his brother Domhnall were rewarded for their services. In 1302, Niall was given lands in Cumberland. In the same year, Niall and his brother Domhnall received the guardianship of the heiresses of Andrew de Crawford, lord of the Baronies of Loudoun, Lochmartnaham and Draffan. However, Niall and Domhnall, like their lord the Earl of Carrick, were drifting towards rebellion. Niall was at Westminster in 1305, because his rights were being challenged by a knight called Robert Keith. In Spring 1305, Edward decided in favour of Keith, judging "to allow [Keith] to have these children and to distrain Sir Dovenald Chambel and Sir Nel Chambel by their lands and bodies". In the same year, Edward granted some Campbell lands to an English knight, Sir John Dovedale. Such judgments were both a cause and effect of deteriorating relations with the English crown.

    So when Robert decided to rebel in 1306, it is not surprising that Niall and Domhnall were among the would-be king's first adherents. Niall was present at Scone in March 1306 when Robert was crowned King of Scots. After the defeats Robert suffered at the Battle of Methven and Battle of Dalrigh, Niall was one of the men who stuck by Robert, as John Barbour testified later in the century. All the evidence suggests that Niall remained in Robert's warband for the years to come, fighting both the English-side generally and the MacDougalls in the west of Scotland. Niall even acted as a representative of Robert in negotiations with the English crown, on two occasions, in 1309 and 1314.

    Marriage and family
    As a reward for his loyal services to King Robert, Niall received Robert's sister, Mary Bruce, in marriage. Niall and Mary had a son, Iain. Robert granted the couple the lands confiscated from David Strathbogie, almost certainly so that Iain would eventually become the Earl, which is indeed what happened. This was part of a general policy by Robert of redistributing lands and titles to his extended kin. Niall, however, had been married previously, to an unknown woman, by whom he had at least two sons, Cailean and Dubhghall. In 1315, King Robert granted the barnonies of Loch Awe and Artscotnish to Cailean for the service of a 40-oared galley for 40 days per annum. This grant, in the view of the most recent historian of the subject, is the real beginning of the Campbell lordship of Lochawe.

    Niall probably died in 1316, leaving a strong legacy of heroism and royal favour, from which his offspring would benefit enormously.2,6

Family 1: Margaret Crawford b. c 1275

Family 2: Lady Mary Bruce b. c 1290, d. b 22 Sep 1323

  • Last Edited: 27 Nov 2016

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2205.htm#i22047
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10787.htm#i107866
  3. [S829] Clanmacfarlanegenealogy Website, online Clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info, http://www.clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info/genealogy/…
  4. [S829] Clanmacfarlanegenealogy Website, online Clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info.
  5. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2206.htm#i22053
    http://www.thepeerage.com/p10787.htm#i107865
  6. [S746] Wikipedia, online http://Wikipedia.com, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niall_mac_Cailein
  7. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2206.htm#i22053

Margaret Crawford1,2

F, #7877, b. circa 1275

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

Please be patient until the page fully loads.

Family: Sir Neil Campbell of Lochawe b. 1259, d. c 1314

  • Last Edited: 1 Feb 2015

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2205.htm#i22047
  2. [S829] Clanmacfarlanegenealogy Website, online Clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info, http://www.clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info/genealogy/…
  3. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10787.htm#i107866

Andrew Crawford1

M, #7878

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Birth*: Andrew Crawford was born in Scotland.1

Family:

  • Last Edited: 7 Oct 2012

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10787.htm#i107866

Sir Gillespic Campbell of Menstrie1

M, #7880, b. circa 1200, d. circa 1294

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Residence*: Sir Gillespic Campbell of Menstrie lived in Menstrie, Clackmannanshire, Scotland.3
  • Birth*: He was born circa 1200 in Scotland.1,4
  • Marriage*: He married Effrick (Elesick) Campbell circa 1229 in Carrick, Argyllshire, Scotland.2
  • Death*: Sir Gillespic Campbell of Menstrie died circa 1294 in Scotland.3
  • Biography*: Gille Escoib or Gilleasbaig of Menstrie is the earliest member of the Campbell family to be attested in contemporary sources, appearing in royal charters dating to the 1260s. His existence is confirmed by later Campbell pedigrees. According to these genealogies, he was the son of a man named Dubhghall ("Dugald"). However, nothing is known of this man, nor of the 4 or 5 generations of his ancestors who constitute the probable historical section these genealogies preceding Dubhghall. Gilleasbaig's first historical appearance dates to 1263, when he appeared in a charter of King Alexander III of Scotland, being named as "Gilascoppe Cambell". He was granted the estates of Menstrie and Sauchie in Clackmannanshire (but then under the supervision of the sheriff of Stirling). His next appearance, and indeed his final appearance, is in 1266, when he witnessed another royal charter at Stirling granting favours to Lindores Abbey. The genealogies, and indeed later 13th century patronymic appellations, tell us that Gilleasbaig was the father of Cailean Mór, probably by marriage to the Carrick noblewoman, Afraig, a daughter of Cailean of Carrick.

    The name Gilleasbaig is a modernization of "Gilla Escoib" (with a variety of related spellings, such as Gille Escoib), and is often rendered as "Archibald" in English or occasionally "Gillespie" or Giilespic.4

Family: Effrick (Elesick) Campbell b. c 1200

  • Last Edited: 1 Feb 2015

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p2206.htm#i22054
  2. [S829] Clanmacfarlanegenealogy Website, online Clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info, http://www.clanmacfarlanegenealogy.info/genealogy/…
  3. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p1941.htm#i19407
  4. [S746] Wikipedia, online http://Wikipedia.com, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilleasbaig_of_Menstrie

Guillaume III (?) Duuke of Aquitaine1

M, #7881, b. circa 915, d. 3 April 963

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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Family: Adele de Normandie b. c 917, d. a 14 Oct 962

  • Last Edited: 19 Dec 2015

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10520.htm#i105197
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10662.htm#i106618
  3. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10520.htm#i105197
    http://thepeerage.com/p10662.htm#i106618

Adele de Normandie1

F, #7882, b. circa 917, d. after 14 October 962

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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Family: Guillaume III (?) Duuke of Aquitaine b. c 915, d. 3 Apr 963

  • Last Edited: 14 Dec 2012

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10520.htm#i105197
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10478.htm#i104772
  3. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10520.htm#i105197
    http://thepeerage.com/p10662.htm#i106618

Ebalus (?) Duke of 'Aquitaine1

M, #7883, d. 934

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Birth*: Ebalus (?) Duke of 'Aquitaine was born in France.1
  • Death*: He died in 934 in France.2
  • Biography*: Ebalus, Duc d'Aquitaine also went by the nick-name of Ebalus 'the Bastard'. He was a member of the House of Poitiers. He gained the title of Comte de Poitou in 890. He gained the title of Duc d'Aquitaine in 927.

    Ebalus or Ebles Manzer or Manser (c. 870 – 935) was Count of Poitou and Duke of Aquitaine on two occasions: from 890 to 892 and from 902 (Poitou) and 927 (Aquitaine) to his death.

    Ebles was an illegitimate son of Ranulf II of Aquitaine. "Manzer" or "Mamzer" is a Hebrew word that means bastard, son of a gentile man and Jewish woman. It appears that Ebles did not mind his name, and his "illegitimacy became a part of his style."

    Upon the death of his father (who was poisoned), Ebles assumed his father’s mantle and acquired the role of Count of Poitou. But Ebles could not hold onto the title for long. Aymar, a descendant of one of Ramnulf II’s predecessedors, challenged Ebles right to rule, as Ebles was merely a bastard son. In 892, Aymar, who was supported by Eudes of France, overthrew Ebles, and Ebles fled to the safety of his father’s allies, Count Gerald of Aurillac and William the Pious, count of Avergne and Duke of Aquitaine. William the Pious had taken Ebles under his care and assured the boy’s education after the death of Ebles’ father.

    In 902, Ebles, with the assistance of William the Pious, a distant relative, conquered Poitiers while Aymar was away, and reestablished himself in his former position. Charles III, who knew Ebles as a childhood companion, then formally invested Ebles with the title, Count of Poitou. Ebles would hold this title until this death.

    The comital title was the only one to which he ever had legitimate investiture. Ebles allotted the abbey of Saint-Maixent to Savary, Viscount of Thouars, who had been his constant supporter. He restructured Poitou by creating new viscounties in Aulnay and Melle[disambiguation needed] and dissolved the title and position of Viscount of Poitou upon the death of its holder, Maingaud, in 925.

    In 904, he conquered the Limousin.

    In 911 he, with two other French commanders were aligned in opposition to Rollo, a Norwegian invader who had plundered the countryside. Ebles and the other two commanders intended to lead their armies in defense of the city of Chartes. Part of Rollo’s army camped on a hill (Mont-Levis) north of the city, while the rest were stationed on the plains outside Chartes.

    On Saturday, July 20, 911, the battle between the French and Danish armies commenced. "Rollo and his forces were shamefully routed, smitten, as the legend tells, with corporeal blindness. A panic assuredly fell upon the heroic commander, a species of mental infirmity discernible in his descendants: the contagious terror unnerved the host. Unpursued, they dispersed and fled without resistance." At the end of the day, 6,800 Danes lay dead on the field of battle.

    Ebles was somewhat slow in arriving at Chartres, so he was unable to "take his due share in the conflict." His victorious partners proudly boasted of their success, and mocked Ebles and his tardy army. To redeem his honor and quiet the ridicule, Ebles accepted a challenge to confront the remant of the Danish army that remained camped on the Mont-Levis. But instead of driving the Danes away, Ebles’ army was defeated soundly. "In the dark of the night, the Northmen, sounding their horns and making a terrible clamour, rushed down the mount and stormed" Ebles camp. Ebles fled and hid in a drum in a fuller’s workshop. His cowardice and dishonor was derided in a popular French ballad of the Plantagenet age.

    When Ebles’ benefactor, William the Pious, died, William was succeeded as Duke of Aquitaine by William the Younger. In 927, William the Younger died, and he left his title to his brother Acfred; but Acfred did not live even a year. Acfred made Ebles his heir, and in 928 Ebles assumed the titles Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Berry, Count of Auvergne, and Velay.

    In 929, King Rudolph started trying to reduce the power of Ebles. He withdrew from him access to Berry, then in 932 he transferred the titles of Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Auvergne to the Count of Toulouse, Raymond Pons. Moreover, the territory of La Marche, which was under the control of the lord of Charroux, vassal of Ebles, was transformed into an independent county.

    Marriage and issue
    Ebles' first wife was Aremburga, whom he married before 10 Oct 892. His second wife was Emilienne, whom he married in 911. When Emilienne died in 913/915, Ebles married Adele the following year. Adele has been commonly referred to as the daughter of Edward the Elder. Some sources believe that Adele was the same person as Edward's daughter, Ælfgifu, but that the confusion equating Ælfgifu to Adele arose from the fact that English historians did not recognize her name after it was translated into French. She has also been called Adela, Adele, Alaine, or Aliana.
    Ebalus had one child by Emilienne, and another one by Adele :
    William III of Aquitaine married Gerloc, daughter of Rollo of Normandy
    Ebalus, Bishop of Limoges and Treasurer of St. Hilary of Poitiers.2,3

Family:

  • Last Edited: 19 Dec 2015

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10662.htm#i106618
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p14152.htm#i141516
  3. [S746] Wikipedia, online http://Wikipedia.com, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ebalus,_Duke_of_Aquitaine.

Heinrich I von Sachsen Holy Roman Emperor1

M, #7884, b. circa 890, d. 2 July 936

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Birth*: Heinrich I von Sachsen Holy Roman Emperor was born circa 890 in Flanders, Belgium*.1,3
  • Marriage*: He married Mathilda von Ringelheim, daughter of Dietrich Graf von Ringelheim, circa 911 in Germany.4
  • Death*: Heinrich I von Sachsen Holy Roman Emperor died on 2 July 936 in Flanders, Belgium*.3
  • Biography*: Henry I the Fowler (German: Heinrich der Finkler or Heinrich der Vogler; Latin: Henricius Auceps) (876 – 2 July 936) was the Duke of Saxony from 912 and German king from 919 until his death. First of the Ottonian Dynasty of German kings and emperors, he is generally considered to be the founder and first king of the medieval German state, known until then as East Francia. An avid hunter, he obtained the epithet "the Fowler" because he was allegedly fixing his birding nets when messengers arrived to inform him that he was to be king.

    Succession

    Henry became Duke of Saxony upon his father's death in 912. An able ruler, he continued to strengthen the position of his duchy within the developing Kingdom of Germany, frequently in conflict with his neighbors to the South, the dukes of Franconia.

    On 23 December 918 Conrad I, King of East Francia and Franconian duke, died. Although they had been at odds with each other from 912–15 over the title to lands in Thuringia, before he died Conrad recommended Henry as his successor. Conrad's choice was conveyed by Duke Eberhard of Franconia, Conrad's brother and heir, at the Reichstag of Fritzlar in 919. The assembled Franconian and Saxon nobles duly elected Henry to be king. Archbishop Heriger of Mainz offered to anoint Henry according to the usual ceremony, but he refused to be anointed by a high church official — the only King of his time not to undergo that rite — allegedly because he wished to be king not by the church's but by the people's acclaim. Duke Burchard II of Swabia soon swore fealty to the new King, but Duke Arnulf of Bavaria did not submit until Henry defeated him in two campaigns in 921. Last, Henry besieged his residence at Ratisbon (Regensburg) and forced Arnulf into submission.

    In 920, the West Frankish king Charles the Simple invaded Germany and marched as far as Pfeddersheim near Worms, but retired on hearing that Henry was arming against him.
    On 7 November 921 Henry and Charles met each other and concluded a treaty of friendship between them. However, with the beginning of civil war in France upon the coronation of King Robert I, Henry sought to wrest the Duchy of Lorraine from the Western Kingdom. In the year of 923 Henry crossed the Rhine twice. Later in the year he entered Lorraine with an army, capturing a large part of the country. Until October 924 the eastern part of Lorraine was left in Henry's possession.

    Policy

    Henry regarded the German kingdom as a confederation of stem duchies rather than as a feudal monarchy and saw himself as primus inter pares. Instead of seeking to administer the empire through counts, as Charlemagne had done and as his successors had attempted, Henry allowed the dukes of Franconia, Swabia and Bavaria to maintain complete internal control of their holdings. In 925, Duke Gilbert of Lorraine again rebelled. Henry invaded the duchy and besieged Gilbert at Zülpich (Tolbiac), captured the town, and became master of a large portion of his lands. Thus he brought that realm, which had been lost in 910, back into the German kingdom as the fifth stem duchy. Allowing Gilbert to remain in power as duke, Henry arranged the marriage of his daughter Gerberga to his new vassal in 928.

    Henry was an able military leader. In 921 Hungarians (Magyars) invaded Germany and Italy. Although a sizable force was routed near Bleiburg in the Bavarian March of Carinthia by Eberhard and the Count of Meran and another group was routed by Liutfried, count of Elsace, the Magyars repeatedly raided Germany. Nevertheless Henry, having captured a Hungarian prince, managed to arrange a ten-year-truce in 926, though he was forced to pay tributes. By doing so he and the German dukes gained time to fortify towns and train a new elite cavalry force.

    During the truce with the Magyars, Henry subdued the Polabian Slavs, settling on the eastern border of his realm. In the winter of 928, he marched against the Slavic Hevelli tribes and seized their capital, Brandenburg. He then invaded the Glomacze lands on the middle Elbe river, conquered Gana (Jahna), the capital after a siege, and had a fortress (the later Albrechtsburg) built at Meissen. In 929, with the help of Arnulf of Bavaria, Henry entered Bohemia and forced Duke Wenceslaus I to resume the yearly payment of the tribute to the king. Meanwhile, the Slavic Redarii had driven away their chief, captured the town of Walsleben and massacred the inhabitants. Counts Bernard and Thietmar marched against the fortress of Lenzen beyond the Elbe, and, after fierce fighting, completely routed the enemy on 4 September 929. The Lusatians and the Ukrani on the lower Oder were subdued and made tributary in 932 and 934, respectively. However, Henry left no consistent march administration, which was implemented by his successor Otto I.

    In 932 Henry finally refused to pay the regular tribute to the Magyars. When they began raiding again, he led a unified army of all German tribes to victory at the Battle of Riade in 933 near the river Unstrut, thus stopping the Magyar advance into Germany. He also pacified territories to the north, where the Danes had been harrying the Frisians by sea. The monk and chronicler Widukind of Corvey in his Res gestae Saxonicae reports that the Danes were subjects of Henry the Fowler. Henry incorporated into his kingdom territories held by the Wends, who together with the Danes had attacked Germany, and also conquered Schleswig in 934.

    Death and aftermath

    Henry died of a cerebral stroke on 2 July 936 in his palatium in Memleben, one of his favourite places. By then all German tribes were united in a single kingdom. He was buried at Quedlinburg Abbey, established by his wife Matilda in his honor.

    His son Otto succeeded him as Emperor. His second son, Henry, became Duke of Bavaria. A third son, Brun (or Bruno), became archbishop of Cologne. His son from his first marriage, Thankmar, rebelled against his half-brother Otto and was killed in battle in 936. After the death of her husband Duke Giselbert of Lotharingia, Henry's daughter Gerberga of Saxony married King Louis IV of France. His youngest daughter, Hedwige of Saxony, married Duke Hugh the Great of France and was the mother of Hugh Capet, the first Capetian king of France.3

Family: Mathilda von Ringelheim

  • Last Edited: 10 Dec 2014

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p398.htm#i3973
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103238
  3. [S746] Wikipedia, online http://Wikipedia.com, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_The_Fowler
  4. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p398.htm#i3973
    http://thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103239
  5. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103238
  6. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10325.htm#i103242

Mathilda von Ringelheim1

F, #7885

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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Family: Heinrich I von Sachsen Holy Roman Emperor b. c 890, d. 2 Jul 936

  • Last Edited: 7 Oct 2012

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p398.htm#i3973
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103239
  3. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p398.htm#i3973
    http://thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103239
  4. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103238
  5. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10325.htm#i103242

Otto Herzog von Sachsen1

M, #7886, b. before 860, d. 3 November 912

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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Family: Hedwige (?) b. c 870

  • Last Edited: 29 Sep 2014

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103238
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103237
  3. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103238
    http://thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103237

Hedwige (?)1

F, #7887, b. circa 870

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

Please be patient until the page fully loads.

Family: Otto Herzog von Sachsen b. b 860, d. 3 Nov 912

  • Last Edited: 29 Sep 2014

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103238
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103236

Ludwig Herzog von Sachsen1

M, #7888

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

Please be patient until the page fully loads.

Family: Hatwige (?) of Fruili b. c 840

  • Last Edited: 5 Dec 2014

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103237

Hatwige (?) of Fruili1

F, #7889, b. circa 840

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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Family: Ludwig Herzog von Sachsen

  • Last Edited: 5 Dec 2014

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p10324.htm#i103237
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://thepeerage.com/p14909.htm#i149088

Robert I (?) Duke of Normandy

M, #7890, b. circa 1008, d. 22 June 1035

The ancestry chart of Archibald MacFarlane (ID # 34) is presented because he unites the ancestry of both his parents. If an individual appears more than once in Archibald's chart this indicates descent from the individual in more than one line. By clicking on the each instance (i.e. Ancestry of Archibald MacFarlane (#5)) each line of descent will be shown.

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  • Name Variation: Robert I (?) Duke of Normandy was also known as Robert I (?) 6th Duc de Normandie.2
  • Birth*: He was born circa 1008 in France*.3
  • Death*: He died on 22 June 1035 in Nicea, Bithynia, Turkey*; He was also reported to have died on 2 July 1035.1
  • Biography*: Robert I, 6th Duc de Normandie also went by the nick-name of Robert 'the Devil'. Robert I, 6th Duc de Normandie also went by the nick-name of Robert 'the Magnificent'. He succeeded to the title of 6th Duc de Normandie on 6 August 1028.

    Robert the Magnificent (French: le Magnifique) at an unknown age (22 June 1000 – 1-3 July 1035), was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. Owing to uncertainty over the numbering of the Dukes of Normandy he is usually called Robert I, but sometimes Robert II with his ancestor Rollo as Robert I. He was the father of William the Conqueror.

    He was the son of Richard II of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I, Duke of Brittany. Before he died, Richard II had decided his elder son Richard III would succeed him while his second son Robert would became Count of Hiémois. In August of 1026 their father, Richard II, died and Richard III became duke, but very soon afterwards Robert rebelled against his brother, was subsequently defeated and forced to swear fealty to his older brother Richard.

    Early reign

    When Richard III died a year later there were suspicions that Robert had something to do with his brother's death and although nothing can be proved Robert had most to gain. But the civil war Robert I had brought against his brother Richard III was still causing instability in the duchy. Private wars between neighboring barons raged resulting in a new aristocracy which rose in Normandy during Robert’s reign. It was also during this time that many of the lesser nobility left Normandy to seek their fortunes in southern Italy and elsewhere. Soon after assuming the dukedom, however, possibly in revenge for supporting his brother against him, Robert I assembled an army against his uncle, Robert, Archbishop of Rouen and count of Everux. Only a temporary truce allowed his uncle to leave Normandy in exile but with an edict of excommunication placed on all of Normandy, which was only lifted when Archbishop Robert was was allowed to return and his countship was restored. Robert also attacked another powerful churchman, his cousin Hugo III. d'Ivry, Bishop of Bayeux, banishing him from Normandy for an extended period of time. Robert also seized a number of church properties belonging to the abbey of Fecamp.

    Outside of Normandy

    Despite his domestic troubles Robert decided to intervene in the civil war in Flanders between Baldwin V, Count of Flanders and his father Baldwin IV whom the younger Baldwin had driven out of Flanders. Baldwin V, supported by king Robert II of France, his father-in-aw, was persuaded to make peace with his father in 1030 when Duke Robert promised the elder Baldwin his considerable military support. Robert gave shelter to Henry I of France against his mother, Queen Constance, who favored her younger son Robert to succeed to the French throne after his father Robert II. For his help Henry I rewarded Robert with the French Vexin. In the early 1030s Alan III, Duke of Brittany began expanding his influence from the area of Rennes and appeared to have designs on the area surrounding Mont Saint-Michel After sacking Dol and repelling Alan's attempts to raid Avranches, Robert mounted a major campaign against his cousin Alan III. However, Alan appealed to their uncle, Archbishop Robert of Rouen, who then brokered a peace between Duke Robert and his vassal Alan III. His cousins, the Athelings Edward and Alfred, sons of his aunt Emma of Normandy and Athelred, King of England had been living at the Norman Court and at one point Robert, on their behalf, attempted to mount an invasion of England but was prevented in doing so, it was said, by unfavorable winds. Gesta Normannorum Ducum stated that King Cnut sent envoys to Duke Robert offering to settle half the Kingdom of England on Edward and Alfred. After postponing the naval invasion he chose to also postpone the decision until after he returned from Jerusalem.

    The Church and his pilgrimage

    Robert's attitude towards the Church had changed noticeably certainly since his reinstating his uncle's position as Archbiship of Rouen. In his attempt to reconcile his differences with the Church he restored property that he or his vassals had confiscated, and by 1034 had returned all the properties he had earlier taken from the abbey of Fecamp.

    After making his illegitimate son William his heir, he set out on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. According to the Gesta Normannorum Ducum he travelled by way of Constantinople, reached Jerusalem, fell seriously ill and died on the return journey at Nicaea on 2 July 1035. His son William, aged about eight, succeeded him.

    According to the historian William of Malmesbury, decades later his son William sent a mission to Constantinople and Nicaea, charging it with bringing his father's body back to be buried in Normandy. Permission was granted, but, having travelled as far as Apulia (Italy) on the return journey, the envoys learned that William himself had meanwhile died. They then decided to re-inter Robert's body in Italy.4

Family: Herleva de Falaise b. c 1012, d. c 1050

  • Last Edited: 15 Feb 2016

Citations

  1. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10217.htm#i102167
  2. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10482.htm#i104820
  3. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10482.htm#i104820
    http://www.thepeerage.com/p10217.htm#i102167
  4. [S746] Wikipedia, online http://Wikipedia.com, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_I,_Duke_of_Normandy.
  5. [S742] The Peerage, online thepeerage.com, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10217.htm#i102168